Afghan War Lord
Gulbuddin Hekmatyar has been a powerful and violent Afghan warlord. The Afghan government pardoned him in 2016 as part of a peace deal with the Hezb-i-Islami Taliban faction. He operated from Afghanistan's northeast mountains and Pakistan's tribal areas. He was one of the three main Taliban leaders of the Al-Qaeda allied insurgency (see Mullah Omar and Sirajuddin Haqqani). He was born in 1947 in the Kunduz Province of Afghanistan. He is Pushtun. He was Afghanistan's Prime Minister in the mid-90s. He led fighters against Soviet occupation in the 80s. He claims his fighters helped Bin Laden escape into Pakistan from the caves of Tora Bora. The US State Department identified him as a "Specially Designated Global Terrorist" in 2003.
image source: Tasnim News Agency [CC BY 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)]