Afghan War Lord
Gulbuddin Hekmatyar is a powerful Afghan warlord. He operates from Afghanistan's northeast mountains and Pakistan's tribal areas. He is one of the three main Taliban leaders of the Al-Qaeda allied insurgency (see Mullah Omar and Sirajuddin Haqqani). He was born in 1947 in the Kunduz Province of Afghanistan. He is Pushtun. He was Afghanistan's Prime Minister in the mid-90s. He led fighters against Soviet occupation in the 80s. He claims his fighters helped Bin Laden escape into Pakistan from the caves of Tora Bora. The US State Department identified him as a "Specially Designated Global Terrorist" in 2003.